Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique that allows the surgeon to diagnose the knee joint with the help of an instrument called an arthroscope and conduct appropriate steps to treat the problems of the joint. It is a minimally invasive surgical technique that can treat numerous problems associated with the knee joint such as misaligned kneecap, damaged ligament joints, torn menisci, and the like. It is performed by orthopedic surgeons and has proven to be effective in a number of patients suffering from knee problems. It is an advanced surgical procedure and less time taking in comparison to open surgeries.
When is it performed?
It is performed to treat knee problems such as torn cruciate ligaments, dislocated patella, knee bone fracture, swollen joint lining, torn menisci, and Baker’s cyst. It is performed when non-surgical remedies have failed and the patient’s knee problem is causing pain and interfering with the daily routine. The surgeon conducts a thorough examination of the patient before performing the surgery.
How is it performed?
Knee arthroscopy is performed under general or local anesthesia and takes less than an hour. The surgeon makes small incisions in the knee and then inserts an arthroscope through one incision and with another pumps saline water to expand the area for a clear view. After determining and locating the problem, the surgeon corrects it with surgical instruments and then drains the saline water before closing the incisions.
The patient can go home the same day or a day after the surgery. It is normal to feel pain and swelling in the knee for a few days but it goes away. The patient should do the exercises prescribed by the doctor and go for a follow-up examination to ensure that the knee is recovering. Until full recovery, the patient should avoid stenuous physical activity.