A kidney transplant is recommended to a patient suffering from the end-stage renal disease in which both the kidneys are affected. In this procedure, a kidney retrieved from the body of a donor is transplanted to the body of the patient. The primary function of the kidneys is the filtration of wastes and toxins. In case of kidney failure, there is a build-up of waste products in the body, which may lead to grave consequences.
When is it performed?
A kidney transplant is conducted in case of kidney failure. Dialysis is an alternate treatment option but it requires the patient to visit the clinic regularly for filtration of waste and other toxins. This is the reason why a kidney transplant is recommended for patients so that their overall quality of life is improved and they can live their lives more freely. A close relative of the patient is preferred for a kidney donation because there are higher chances of getting a good blood group and body tissue match; also, the chances of the patient’s body rejecting the kidney are reduced. A donor kidney can also be retrieved from a recently deceased donor.
How is it performed?
During the surgery, a team of surgeons transplants a new kidney in the lower portion of the abdomen by making an incision. The transplanted kidney is connected to the blood vessels and the urinary bladder. The doctors leave the diseased kidneys as is in their original position. The incision is closed and the patient is sent to the recovery room.
To avoid complications after the kidney transplant surgery, the patients are advised to lead a healthy lifestyle, abstain from smoking, consume a balanced diet, maintain optimum weight, and take medications to lower their risk of an infection. On an average, survival rates after 1, 5, and 10 years of a kidney transplant are 95 percent, 85 to 90 percent, and 75 percent, respectively.